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Oncology - Oncology

Medical Oncology is a modality of treatment in cancer care which uses Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, Hormonal Therapy and Targeted Therapy to treat cancer in an effective manner. Medical Oncology is usually works in conjunction with Surgical Oncology or Radiation Oncology to give the best clinical outcomes.
Spandan’s medical oncology speciality team works towards preventing, diagnosing and treating cancer by offering the highest levels of treatment protocols and customised multi-modality therapies.
In addition to Chemotherapy, the department also runs protocols and specialises in out-patient and ambulatory chemotherapy. Our medical oncology service includes treatments for solid tumours, specialized outpatient chemotherapy with chemoports and hematological neoplasm in adults and children.


Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy works in a pattern of stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. But it can also harm quickly dividing healthy cells, such as those that lie in the mouth and intestines or cause hair to grow. Damage to healthy cells may cause side effects.
Often, side effects get better or go away after chemotherapy is over. Chemotherapy is divided into two categories Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapies. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a type which is delivered before surgery or radiotherapy, while Adjuvant Chemotherapy is delivered after the surgery or radiotherapy. Chemotherapy may be used to destroy cancer cells that have come back (recurrent cancer) or spread to other parts of the body (metastatic cancer). Earlier, there used to be less number of chemotherapy drugs but today, we have several options of giving 1st, 2nd, and 3rd line drugs. Low dose metronomic chemotherapy is also showing some promising results.

Hormone Therapy

Some cancers use hormones to grow or develop, which means the cancer is hormone sensitive or hormone dependent. Hormone therapy for cancer uses medicines to block or reduce the amount of hormones in the body to stop or slow down the growth of cancer. Hormone therapy stops hormones from being developed or prevents hormones from making cancer cells grow and divide.

Cancers that can be hormone sensitive include:

  • Breast Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Uterine Cancer (also called Endometrial Cancer)